Carstensz Pyramid, Irian Jaya
Carstensz Pyramid has altitude 4884 m above sea level (16,023 ft). Location is at the coordinates 04 ° 04 733 S and E 137 ° 09 572. Carstensz Pyramid, or Puncak Jaya called by some people, and Puncak Jaya Kesuma or mentioned only Kesuma Jaya by others, located in the heart of Jayawijaya mountain range in the Indonesian territory of Irian Jaya, which now called Western Papua. Carstensz Pyramid is part of Lorenze National Park and Sudirman range. Carstensz Pyramid is the highest mountain on the Oceania and Australia continent.
The mountain was named after Jhon Carstensz, a Dutch explorer who was the first European to sight the peak. John Carstensz who witnessed the peak of the mountain is covered by ice at the equator In 1962, Heinrich Harrer became the first foreigner to reach the peak.
Snow Mountains on The Equator
Carstensz Pyramid – Puncak Jaya (4884 m, 16023 ft), Puncak Mandala (4640m, 15223 ft), and Puncak Trikora (4730m, 15518 ft), are the three tallest and most well known mountains of west Papua. Carstensz Pyramid is the tallest of them, and it belongs to the Snow Mountains (Pegunungan Maoke in the local language). They are situated in the west of the central highland Jayawijaya.
The legendary tropical Snow Mountains are situated in the middle of endless jungles in West Papua. They are the logical ending of Cembalo Plato. Out of the three mentioned mountains, only Carstensz pyramid belongs among them. Although the massif of the Snow Mountains is not too high, and it lies 4 degrees south of the equator, it contains four relatively large glaciers. The largest of them is not the Carstensz Glacier, but Meren Glacier which fringes the Nga Pulu peak (4862 m, 15951 ft). Some Indonesians call this peak Puncak Jaya, because it was long considered to be the highest peak of Papua.
There are three main routes to reach the top of Carstensz Pyramid. The first is called the Harrer’s Route. This route is the easiest route to pass. Although it is easy, does not mean everything will be easy to conquer the Jaya peak.
To travel Harrer’s route for up and down about 12 to 15 hours. The level of difficulty ranges between 3-4 UIIA standards. The difficulty is when under Jaya peak. The slope of a steep cliff, up to 10-15 degrees as high as approximately 80 meters, requiring extra caution. UIIA standard states that the difficulty in this case is 5-5 +. Difficulties to be faced will be even greater when it reaches the jagged rocks that the overhang wall ranges from 10 feet, with difficulty levels 6-7 + satandar UIIA.
The second route is the East Ridge. This route is a route halfway between Harrer and most difficult route. This route will go further and would also be longer.
The third route is American Direct. This is route that would travel straight to the top. This route requires skill, experience and adequate knowledge of Climbing. The worst of this route is, the higher degree of difficulty when approaching the peak, which is a steep cliff, a wall of Cartenszs peak.
In the highland areas, daytime temperatures should range between 75º and 85ºF, with most evenings about 45ºF. Expect warm afternoon showers which may turn cool if encountered on a mountain pass. Closer to Carstensz, snow or inclement weather may occur. Temperatures can range from 28º to 60ºF with sunshine occasionally in the mornings, then rainfall in the afternoons and evenings. Winds are variable and can be strong.
If you’re lucky, from the Puncak Jaya (Cartensz Pyramid), you will be able to see the ocean. If not, then you can only see the gold mines, and forests around the mountain Jayawijaya.
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